Putinův rok nebezpečného života

MOSKVA – Na jaře 2008 stál ruský prezident Vladimir Putin na vrcholu světa. Ceny ropy a plynu dosahovaly raketových výšin a příjmy zampnbsp;jejich vývozu proudily do pokladny Kremlu. Kdysi silná ruská armáda, která po pádu komunismu vampnbsp;roce 1991 zkolabovala, se budovala nanovo. A Putinem vybraný nástupce Dmitrij Medveděv se dostal kampnbsp;moci, zatímco sám Putin se spokojil sampnbsp;funkcí premiéra.

Spojené státy byly navíc pro špičkového politika, který si dělá čáku na globální vedení, dokonalým protějškem. Nesoudržná zahraniční politika Bushovy administrativy totiž zahrnovala i plán vybudovat vampnbsp;Polsku a České republice protiraketový štít, což Putinovi umožnilo oživit rozdělování Evropy na starou a novou, které začalo válkou vampnbsp;Iráku a zjevně zvýšilo vliv Ruska na tento kontinent.

Zdánlivé vojenské oživení Ruska navíc sehrálo roli při povzbuzení domácí ekonomiky. Prodej zbraní vampnbsp;hodnotě blížící se 8 miliardám dolarů znovu na globální úrovni konkuroval Velké Británii a USA a zásilky ruských zbraní putovaly do téměř 80 zemí včetně Venezuely, Číny, Indie, Alžírska, Íránu, Malajsie a Srbska. Tyto zakázky byly přitom často úzce spojeny sampnbsp;Putinovou zahraniční asertivitou a ruská armáda cvičila na mnoha místech vůbec poprvé – například ve Venezuele, kde jako by se připravovala na další kubánskou raketovou krizi, přičemž Hugo Chávez se zhostil role Fidela Castra.

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