Tim Brinton

O Síndroma Brejnev de Putin

PARIS - O resultado das eleições legislativas russas de Domingo já era esperado: venceu o partido Rússia Unida, liderado por Vladimir Putin. Da mesma forma, não há dúvida de que Putin irá ganhar as eleições presidenciais previstas para Março de 2012. Mas o entusiasmo do público que ratificou o governo de Putin durante uma década desapareceu, algo demonstrado pelo fraco desempenho do seu partido, Rússia Unida, nas recentes eleições à Duma.

Ao contrário da Europa, assolada por uma crise de dívida soberana, e dos Estados Unidos, cujos líderes discutem sobre a contenção do seu défice, a Rússia pode assemelhar-se a um oásis de estabilidade e continuidade. Mas essa continuidade lembra mais a zastoi, ou estagnação, da era Brejnev.

Os oito anos com um crescimento médio anual do PIB de 7%, durante o governo anterior de Putin (2000-2008), permitiram à Rússia pagar as suas dívidas, acumular quase 600 mil milhões de dólares em reservas de moeda estrangeira e juntar-se às principais economias emergentes. Uma década depois da crise de 1998 ter deixado a Rússia de rastos, os seus líderes gabaram-se de que o país poderia resistir à crise financeira de 2008.

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