Putin: ¿zar o dux?

Sobre todos los sistemas políticos se pueden formular dos preguntas prácticas: primera, ¿qué es lo que diferencia a unos partidos políticos de otros? Segunda, ¿quién manda?

En la Rusia poscomunista las respuestas fueron durante un tiempo de una claridad meridiana: los partidos estaban divididos entre los que querían regresar a los tiempos soviéticos y los que querían una reforma. ¿Quién mandaba? El Presidente.

Después de doce años de transición, la respuesta a la primera pregunta ha quedado desdibujada. El Partido Comunista se encuentra en una decadencia terminal y las ideologías están desapareciendo. De hecho, cualquiera que esperara un enfrentamiento evidente entre la izquierda y la derecha durante la reciente campaña para la elecciones presidenciales había de quedar defraudado, porque la respuesta a la segunda pregunta es aún más enfática en la actualidad: en ningún momento se abrigaron dudas sobre la reelección del Presidente Putin. Este Presidente manda mucho.

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