Poutine : Tsar ou doge ?

Deux questions pratiques se posent au sujet de n'importe quel système politique. La première : Qu'est-ce qui distingue les partis politiques entre eux ? La deuxième : Qui tient le gouvernail ?

Durant toute une période, en Russie post-communiste les réponses étaient on ne peut plus claires. Il y avait les partis qui voulaient revenir au temps de l'Union soviétique et ceux qui voulaient des réformes. Qui était au gouvernail ? Le président.

Après douze ans de transition, la réponse à la première question n'est plus aussi évidente. Avec la mort annoncée du Parti communiste, les idéologies disparaissent. Ceux qui espéraient une confrontation éclatante entre la gauche et la droite à l'occasion de la récente campagne pour les élections présidentielles en ont été pour leurs frais, car la réponse à la deuxième question est encore plus nette aujourd'hui : la réélection du président Poutine n'a jamais fait l'ombre d'un doute. Ce président tient très fort en mains les rênes du pouvoir.

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