Beach in Puerto Rico

Porto Rico et le piége de la dette

WASHINGTON, DC – Un drame humain se déroule dans les Caraïbes, à Porto Rico : le "territoire" le plus vaste des USA traverse une grave crise d'endettement. En l'absence de solution politique en 2016, le flux migratoire vers le continent pourrait avoir l'ampleur de l'exode des populations de l'Oklahoma, de l'Arkansas et d'autres Etats victimes de catastrophes écologiques dans les années 1930.

Le service de la dette publique (le principal plus les intérêts) devant atteindre presque 40% des rentrées budgétaires en 2016, Porto Rico doit changer de politique économique. L'austérité ne marchera pas, la reprise doit s'appuyer sur les investissements et encourager la croissance en diminuant les charges qui pèsent sur les entreprises.

L'île peut-elle s'engager sur cette voie ? La plus grande partie de ses 73 milliards de dollars de dette est constituée par des obligations d'entreprises publiques. Le chapitre 9 de la loi fédérale sur les faillites qui permet la restructuration de ce type de dettes ne s'applique pas aux territoires américains tels que Porto Rico. Aussi peut-on prévoir une longue série de défauts de remboursement à l'égard de certains créanciers et d'interminables batailles juridiques. Le coût des services essentiels (l'électricité, l'eau, le tout à l'égout et les transports) va augmenter et leur qualité diminuer.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/1IaFnJY/fr;
  1. Sean Gallup/Getty Images

    Angela Merkel’s Endgame?

    The collapse of coalition negotiations has left German Chancellor Angela Merkel facing a stark choice between forming a minority government or calling for a new election. But would a minority government necessarily be as bad as Germans have traditionally thought?

  2. Trump Trade speech Bill Pugliano/Getty Images .

    Preparing for the Trump Trade Wars

    In the first 11 months of his presidency, Donald Trump has failed to back up his words – or tweets – with action on a variety of fronts. But the rest of the world's governments, and particularly those in Asia and Europe, would be mistaken to assume that he won't follow through on his promised "America First" trade agenda.

  3. A GrabBike rider uses his mobile phone Bay Ismoyo/Getty Images

    The Platform Economy

    While developed countries in Europe, North America, and Asia are rapidly aging, emerging economies are predominantly youthful. Nigerian, Indonesian, and Vietnamese young people will shape global work trends at an increasingly rapid pace, bringing to bear their experience in dynamic informal markets on a tech-enabled gig economy.

  4. Trump Mario Tama/Getty Images

    Profiles in Discouragement

    One day, the United States will turn the page on Donald Trump. But, as Americans prepare to observe their Thanksgiving holiday, they should reflect that their country's culture and global standing will never recover fully from the wounds that his presidency is inflicting on them.

  5. Mugabe kisses Grace JEKESAI NJIKIZANA/AFP/Getty Images

    How Women Shape Coups

    In Zimbabwe, as in all coups, much behind-the-scenes plotting continues to take place in the aftermath of the military's overthrow of President Robert Mugabe. But who the eventual winners and losers are may depend, among other things, on the gender of the plotters.

  6. Oil barrels Ahmad Al-Rubaye/Getty Images

    The Abnormality of Oil

    At the 2017 Abu Dhabi Petroleum Exhibition and Conference, the consensus among industry executives was that oil prices will still be around $60 per barrel in November 2018. But there is evidence to suggest that the uptick in global growth and developments in Saudi Arabia will push the price as high as $80 in the meantime.

  7. Israeli soldier Menahem Kahana/Getty Images

    The Saudi Prince’s Dangerous War Games

    Saudi Arabia’s Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman is working hard to consolidate power and establish his country as the Middle East’s only hegemon. But his efforts – which include an attempt to trigger a war between Israel and Hezbollah in Lebanon – increasingly look like the work of an immature gambler.