pesticide farmer crops Mohammed Asad/Corbis/Getty Images

Scott Pruitt et les dangers des pesticides

IBADAN, NIGERIA – Un nouveau rapport récemment présenté au Conseil des droits de l’homme des Nations unies critique sévèrement l’usage des pesticides synthétiques et remet en cause l’idée communément admise qu’ils sont indispensables pour nourrir une population mondiale en augmentation, qui devrait atteindre 9 milliards de personnes d’ici 2050. Les auteurs du rapport précisent que « le fait d’être tributaire de pesticides dangereux est une solution à court terme qui porte atteinte au droit à une alimentation suffisante et au droit à la santé des générations actuelles et des générations futures ». Ils ont raison.

En tant que scientifique du Nigeria dont le travail porte essentiellement sur les moyens de maîtriser les pertes après les récoltes, j’ai pu directement constater les conséquences néfastes d’une application insuffisante de la réglementation sur les pesticides synthétiques. Et pourtant, la plupart des pays continuent à adhérer au mythe industriel les concernant, avec des retombées extrêmement préjudiciables pour la santé humaine.

Les États-Unis, déjà grands consommateurs, semblent sur le point d’accroître leur recours aux pesticides. Le mois dernier, l’ancien procureur général de l’Oklahoma, Scott Pruitt, a été confirmé au poste de directeur de l’Agence de protection de l’environnement (EPA). Pruitt, qui avait en tant que procureur général intenté plusieurs actions en justice contre l’EPA, semble déterminé à fortement réduire le budget de l’agence, et à faire abroger de nombreuses réglementations, y compris celles sur les pesticides, pourtant essentielles pour garantir la sécurité alimentaire.

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