Протекционизм опять на коне

Найдите тех, на кого обычно падает подозрение. В течение любой президентской предвыборной кампании в Соединенных Штатах можно быть уверенным в том, что протекционизм прорвется, как и раньше. Но поворот Америки назад к протекционизму начался намного раньше с установки тарифа на сталь президентом Джорджем В. Бушем в 2001 г.

Трудно было понять, в чем заключалась ее цель, когда администрация Буша наложила этот тариф на импорт стали. Тариф был плохим с точки зрения экономики: он сделал Америку беднее. Тариф был плохим с точки зрения меркантилизма: он принес меньше прибыли и отобрал больше рабочих мест у профсоюзов в потребляющих сталь промышленностях, чем дал сталелитейным промышленностям, а первые были, по крайней мере, так же хорошо организованными и слаженными в Вашингтоне, как и последние.

Наконец, тариф также был плохим с точки зрения дипломатии: с какой стати кто-то должен вступать в соглашение с правительством Соединенных Штатов, которое, казалось бы, стремится продемонстрировать, что оно нарушит свои обязательства ради самых крошечных воображаемых внутренних политических выгод?

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