Протекционизм американского производства

Введение Америкой тарифов на импорт стали было встречено громкими протестами во всем мире. Однако за жесткими высказываниями не последовало мощной контратаки. Сейчас самое время оказать реальное противодействие лицемерию Америки, вместо того, чтобы бросаться пустыми угрозами.

Мировой финансовый кризис 1997/1998 годов, который, в значительной степени следуя указаниям Казначейства США и допустив серьезные ошибки, пытался урегулировать МВФ, привел к увеличению потока импорта стали, что было частью процесса приспособления рынка, когда-то громко восхваляемого США.

Выдвинутый США аргумент, согласно которому Америка имела право принять меры по предотвращению резкого роста импорта (используя при этом защитные меры, принадлежащие по праву ВТО), вряд ли подвергнется проверке со стороны комиссии экспертов ВТО, когда таковая, наконец, будет созвана; сам аргумент, однако, неискренен и лицемерен. Европа предприняла реструктуризацию своего сталелитейного производства в 80-х и начале 90-х годов прошлого века, добившись при этом определенных успехов. В самой Америке было создано множество эффективных новых предприятий (минизаводов), но простаивали неповоротливые гиганты - наследство вчерашнего дня. Они не в состоянии выдержать конкуренцию ни с одним эффективно работающим сталелитейным предприятием, как в Америке, так и за рубежом, включая государственную сталелитейную компанию Кореи.

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