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滞胀是当时发达国家的问题。 当时日本、而非中国,扮演着困扰并接管全球市场的贸易怪兽的角色。 美国和欧洲的对策是通过设立贸易壁垒对日本汽车和钢材强制实施“自愿出口限制”(VER)政策。 “新保护主义”言论无孔不入。

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