Per-Anders Pettersson/Liason

Защита Зимбабве

ЙОХАННЕСБУРГ – Несмотря на заверения в том, что китайский корабль «An Yue Jiang», везший оружие в Зимбабве, повернул обратно, мы не знаем, из каких еще источников военные и полувоенные организации президента Роберта Мугабе могут приобретать оружие. В свете эскалации интенсивного подавления оппозиционного Движения за демократические перемены, а также тех, чья поддержка, очевидно, помогла ДДП превалировать на президентских выборах, результаты которых все еще не были объявлены по прошествии четырех недель, необходимо срочное введение международного эмбарго на ввоз оружия в Зимбабве.

В дополнение мы призываем Африканский Союз при поддержке ООН направить комиссию по расследованию в Зимбабве для определения дополнительных мер, которые могут понадобиться для проведения одобренной международным сообществом концепции «обязательств предоставления защиты».

Концепция «обязательств предоставления защиты» была единогласно одобрена на Всемирном саммите ООН в 2005 году. Все еще остаются противоречия, так как часто считается, что она подразумевает применение военной силы в целях гуманитарной интервенции. Мы считаем, как это было признано на Всемирном саммите ООН, что военная сила должна применяться только в качестве крайнего средства для предотвращения или остановки гибели большого количества людей. Первым шагом должен быть сбор достоверной информации для определения мер, которые должно принять международное сообщество для предотвращения катастрофы.

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