Per-Anders Pettersson/Liason

Jak ochránit Zimbabwe

JOHANNESBURG – Ačkoliv se čínská loď An Yue Jiang, která vezla zbraně do Zimbabwe, údajně obrátila zpátky, nevíme, kde jinde si mohou vojenské a polovojenské složky prezidenta Roberta Mugabeho zbraně obstarat. Ve světle eskalující násilné represe opozičního Hnutí za demokratickou změnu – a také těch, kteří toto hnutí podporovali, a dopomohli mu tak k vítězství v prezidentských volbách, jejichž výsledky nebyly ani po čtyřech týdnech oznámeny – je naléhavě zapotřebí uvalit na Zimbabwe mezinárodní zbrojní embargo.

Kromě toho vyzýváme Africkou unii, aby s podporou Organizace spojených národů vyslala do Zimbabwe průzkumnou misi, která stanoví, jaká další opatření mohou být zapotřebí k naplnění mezinárodně přijímané „zodpovědnosti chránit“.

Koncept „zodpovědnosti chránit“ OSN jednomyslně schválila na světovém summitu v roce 2005. Přesto zůstává kontroverzní, protože se často předpokládá, že z něj vyplývá použití vojenské síly pro účely humanitární intervence. Domníváme se – a uznal to i světový summit OSN –, že vojenská síla by měla být poslední instancí v případě nutnosti předejít rozsáhlým ztrátám na životech nebo je zastavit. Prvním krokem je získání spolehlivých informací, aby se dalo stanovit, jaká mezinárodní opatření jsou k odvrácení katastrofy potřeba.

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