恢复力投资不足

纽约—上周美国东海岸的飓风(我在下曼哈顿也经历了)是又一次极端天气事件,我们必须从中吸取教训。气候专家早就指出,这类事件的频度和强度走在增加,这一迹象显然会影响到预防步骤,并让我们定期检查这些步骤。

灾难准备包括两大不同的关键部分。其一是快速而有效的响应。毫不奇怪,这一点引起了人们最多的注意。这种能力永远是必须具备的,其重要性毋庸置疑。如果响应能力缺乏或不足,则可能导致可怕的生命和生活损失——2005年摧毁海地和新奥尔良的卡特里娜飓风就是明证。

其二是最小化经济的破坏期望的投资。这一方面的准备通常所受关注甚少。

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