L'avenir de Chypre passe par la coopération économique

MADRID – Une fois de plus l'Europe est confrontée aux abysses. Mais l'accord provisoire entre Chypre et la troïka (la Commission européenne, le FMI et la BCE) fait que le pire a probablement été évité. Les dépôts importants dans les banques chypriotes seront lourdement taxés et la deuxième banque du pays va être fermée. Mais si l'on regarde vers l'avenir, Chypre a les moyens non seulement de se redresser, mais aussi de mettre fin à sa partition de longue date entre la République de Chypre et la République turque de Chypre du Nord, un micro-Etat soutenu par la Turquie.

Chypre est le dernier pays touché par la crise économique qui frappe la Méditerranée. Depuis des années, une énorme bulle bancaire planait au-dessus de l'île, les actifs de ce secteur étaient estimés à sept fois son PIB, l'argent se déversant à flot dans un paradis fiscal bénéficiant de la sécurité liée à l'environnement de la zone euro.

La conception du plan de secours destiné à Chypre tient tant à la nature exceptionnelle de la bulle bancaire chypriote qu'aux pressions intérieures auxquelles sont confrontés les dirigeants de la zone euro : beaucoup de ces derniers soupçonnent île d'être un centre de blanchiment d'argent sale pour des ressortissants et des entités russes qui auraient injecté 68 milliards d'euros dans les banques chypriotes. Au-delà des détails de l'accord final, le spectre du prêt accordé par la Russie à Chypre en 2011 pourrait déclencher une onde de choc à travers le sud de l'Europe, susceptible de frapper les petits épargnants et d'entraîner une hausse du coût des emprunts pour les Etats.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/8PYY7Re/fr;
  1. Patrick Kovarik/Getty Images

    The Summit of Climate Hopes

    Presidents, prime ministers, and policymakers gather in Paris today for the One Planet Summit. But with no senior US representative attending, is the 2015 Paris climate agreement still viable?

  2. Trump greets his supporters The Washington Post/Getty Images

    Populist Plutocracy and the Future of America

    • In the first year of his presidency, Donald Trump has consistently sold out the blue-collar, socially conservative whites who brought him to power, while pursuing policies to enrich his fellow plutocrats. 

    • Sooner or later, Trump's core supporters will wake up to this fact, so it is worth asking how far he might go to keep them on his side.
  3. Agents are bidding on at the auction of Leonardo da Vinci's 'Salvator Mundi' Eduardo Munoz Alvarez/Getty Images

    The Man Who Didn’t Save the World

    A Saudi prince has been revealed to be the buyer of Leonardo da Vinci's "Salvator Mundi," for which he spent $450.3 million. Had he given the money to the poor, as the subject of the painting instructed another rich man, he could have restored eyesight to nine million people, or enabled 13 million families to grow 50% more food.

  4.  An inside view of the 'AknRobotics' Anadolu Agency/Getty Images

    Two Myths About Automation

    While many people believe that technological progress and job destruction are accelerating dramatically, there is no evidence of either trend. In reality, total factor productivity, the best summary measure of the pace of technical change, has been stagnating since 2005 in the US and across the advanced-country world.

  5. A student shows a combo pictures of three dictators, Austrian born Hitler, Castro and Stalin with Viktor Orban Attila Kisbenedek/Getty Images

    The Hungarian Government’s Failed Campaign of Lies

    The Hungarian government has released the results of its "national consultation" on what it calls the "Soros Plan" to flood the country with Muslim migrants and refugees. But no such plan exists, only a taxpayer-funded propaganda campaign to help a corrupt administration deflect attention from its failure to fulfill Hungarians’ aspirations.

  6. Project Syndicate

    DEBATE: Should the Eurozone Impose Fiscal Union?

    French President Emmanuel Macron wants European leaders to appoint a eurozone finance minister as a way to ensure the single currency's long-term viability. But would it work, and, more fundamentally, is it necessary?

  7. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now