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面对美国民主的四大结构性威胁

伯克利—特朗普当选美国总统已经一年,美国的民主制度显然处于压力之下。目前,只有20%的美国人相信联邦政府在“做正确的事情”,而对国会的信任已经下降到不足9%。

特别是,在国会民主党中间有一种“不择手段”极端主义正在破坏联邦政府的行动力,而这正是许多右翼人士所希望的。一些悲观派认为,美国国会成立的初衷,绝不是为了解决一个被收入、种族和党派搞得如此割裂的国家的挑战。

但州和地方政府仍然受到了大部分选民的信任,并且根据美国宪法第十修正案,它们拥有强化民主制度的权力。目前,多个州和市正在采取改革措施促进政治妥协,改善民主治理。更令人振奋的是,其中一些改革产生了全国性影响,因为它们清理了国会成员的选举程序。

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