Skyscrappers against a night sky Busà Photography/Getty Images

وضع الأرباح في منظورها الصحيح

بيركلي- عادة ما ينظر للإرباح المرتفعة على إنها تدل على النجاح الإقتصادي إي نتيجة الإبتكار والفعالية وذلك من خلال المنافسة الشريفة ولكن كما أشار تقرير نشر مؤخرا من قبل مجلس المستشارين الإقتصاديين الإمريكيين فإن هناك سبب آخر للإرباح المرتفعة وهي تركز قوى السوق.

يشير التقرير إلى عدة مؤشرات لتناقص التنافس في الإقتصاد الأمريكي بما في ذلك الإنحدار طويل المدى في تشكيل الشركات الجديدة وتراكم الأرباح لدى مجموعة صغيرة من الشركات ومن أجل تطبيق توصيات التقرير أصدر الرئيس الإمريكي باراك أوباما مؤخرا أمر تنفيذي يدعو جميع وكالات الحكومة الأمريكية لإستخدام سلطتها من أجل الترويج للتنافس.

إن هذه لحظة مهمة من أجل تقييم حالة التنافس في عدة قطاعات .إن العديد من الصناعات الإمريكية بما في ذلك بعض من أكثرها إبتكارا تهيمن عليها حفنة من الشركات الضخمة وبعضها تتمتع بحصص كبيرة جدا في السوق وتحقق عوائد تتجاوز بكثير معدلاتها التاريخية وهناك بعض الشركات التي تراكم النقود أو تستحوذ على المنافسين عوضا عن إستخدام عوائدها في بناء القدرات الإنتاجية.

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