Здоровье во времена эпидемии Эбола

НЬЮ-ЙОРК – Любой ребенок, заболевший лихорадкой в Центральной и Западной Африке, должен немедленно получить медицинскую помощь, чтобы не умереть от малярии или пневмонии. Но по мере распространения паники в связи с эпидемией лихорадки Эбола в Либерии, а также в Сьерра-Леоне, Гвинее и Нигерии люди часто ассоциируют врачей и медицинские учреждения с распространением этой болезни. В связи с этим для обеспечения полного медицинского обслуживания необходимо улучшить работу первичных медицинских учреждений и инвестировать средства в расширение сети местных медицинских сотрудников (ММС), что позволит дойти до каждого больного на дому.

Безусловно, серьезные недостатки в системе здравоохранения Либерии существовали и до вспышки эпидемии лихорадки Эбола. Примерно 28% из четырехмиллионного населения страны не имеют доступа к медицинскому обслуживанию. Заключенное в 2003 году Всестороннее мирное соглашение в Аккре положило конец длительной гражданской войне, но страна была разорена и в ней остался только 51 врач и  разрушенная структура здравоохранения.

При наличии очень ограниченного количества специалистов здравоохранения восстановление системы медицинского обслуживания потребовало не только строительства новых больниц и клиник по всей территории густонаселенной сельской местности Либерии, подверженной тропическим дождям. К счастью, правительство Либерии, так же как и правительства других стран Центральной и Западной Африки, поняли необходимость инвестирования в подготовку местных медицинских сотрудников (ММС) в сельских районах для борьбы с диареей, пневмонией и малярией – основными болезнями детей в возрасте до 5 лет.

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