欧盟东扩后的消沉

先是波兰政府崩溃,接着是捷克政府,然后是匈牙利总理辞职。斯洛伐克政府已经失去了大多数席位,现在很不稳定。在意识到欧盟成员国的长期目标之后,一场政治不安定在几个月内,如果不是几个星期,席卷了整个中欧。

为什么这一历史性的事件会引起如此大的政治巨变?有一些人认为,这些国家本来就不稳定,它们的政治文化也不成熟。它们被欧盟接纳仅仅15年,是在共产主义垮台之后。它们中不是所有国家先前都有民主的经验。和那些早期的欧盟扩大成员国不同,中欧遭遇过大范围腐败、政治裙带关系、身份不明的脆弱政党和软弱的民间社会等问题。

所有这些问题在欧盟东扩的外部压力下被一定程度地掩盖了。而现在完全地暴露了出来。不过,除了以上这些,中欧近来的问题还有其它一些更显然的原因。每一个成功加入欧盟的国家都必须接受--经常是被迫和匆忙地--一系列不受欢迎的步骤。尽管这些国家的大多数市民都愿意加入欧盟,但很多人认为他们的国家为此付出了太高代价。

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/gpKWzOl/zh;
  1. An employee works at a chemical fiber weaving company VCG/Getty Images

    China in the Lead?

    For four decades, China has achieved unprecedented economic growth under a centralized, authoritarian political system, far outpacing growth in the Western liberal democracies. So, is Chinese President Xi Jinping right to double down on authoritarianism, and is the “China model” truly a viable rival to Western-style democratic capitalism?

  2. The assembly line at Ford Bill Pugliano/Getty Images

    Whither the Multilateral Trading System?

    The global economy today is dominated by three major players – China, the EU, and the US – with roughly equal trading volumes and limited incentive to fight for the rules-based global trading system. With cooperation unlikely, the world should prepare itself for the erosion of the World Trade Organization.

  3. Donald Trump Saul Loeb/Getty Images

    The Globalization of Our Discontent

    Globalization, which was supposed to benefit developed and developing countries alike, is now reviled almost everywhere, as the political backlash in Europe and the US has shown. The challenge is to minimize the risk that the backlash will intensify, and that starts by understanding – and avoiding – past mistakes.

  4. A general view of the Corn Market in the City of Manchester Christopher Furlong/Getty Images

    A Better British Story

    Despite all of the doom and gloom over the United Kingdom's impending withdrawal from the European Union, key manufacturing indicators are at their highest levels in four years, and the mood for investment may be improving. While parts of the UK are certainly weakening economically, others may finally be overcoming longstanding challenges.

  5. UK supermarket Waring Abbott/Getty Images

    The UK’s Multilateral Trade Future

    With Brexit looming, the UK has no choice but to redesign its future trading relationships. As a major producer of sophisticated components, its long-term trade strategy should focus on gaining deep and unfettered access to integrated cross-border supply chains – and that means adopting a multilateral approach.

  6. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now