民粹主义者也可能正确

左倾政府在拉丁美洲的崛起,特别是埃沃•莫拉莱斯(Evo Morales)当选为玻利维亚总统,是否预示着整个拉美政治在向强硬的左倾路线过渡?这是否标志着美国地区政策的失败?这是否会,举例来讲,导致玻利维亚丰富的天然气资源重新被收归国有?

这些问题都至关重要,但没有考虑像莫拉莱斯这样的人当选的重要意义,因为他是玻利维亚第一位由国人民主选举的国家首领。他的胜利标志着整个拉丁美洲民主化进程迈出了重要一步,会对该地区经济和社会的长远发展都产生积极的影响。

想知道为什么,就必须先了解拉丁美洲的历史和经济发展。欧洲人征服土著居民、而后建立起种族和民族壁垒,成就了美洲社会的基本特征。直到今天,美国和拉美都还需要适应这样的历史现象。

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