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Gestionando las consecuencias económicas del nacionalismo

LAGUNA BEACH – Las repercusiones del voto inesperado del Reino Unido en junio para abandonar la Unión Europea están siendo monitoreadas con atención. La gente en todo el mundo -y particularmente en Europa- quiere saber cómo se desarrollará el Brexit, no sólo para manejar sus efectos específicos, sino también para entender lo que probablemente suceda si otras votaciones inminentes se inclinan a favor de agendas nacionalistas.

Esas agendas, por cierto, están haciendo un retorno político. En Alemania, que llevará a cabo una elección general en 2017, el respaldo por el partido de extrema derecha Alternativa para Alemania (AfD por su sigla en alemán) está en aumento, lo cual quedó ejemplificado en los resultados sólidos que obtuvo el partido en las recientes elecciones estatales. En Francia, la líder del Frente Nacional, Marine Le Pen, espera llevar el nacionalismo al poder en las elecciones presidenciales del próximo año.

La tendencia no es exclusiva de Europa. En Estados Unidos, el candidato presidencial republicano, Donald Trump, ha prometido imponer aranceles comerciales a China, construir un muro en la frontera con México y prohibirles a los musulmanes ingresar al país.

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