Polio vaccination Pacific Press/Getty Images

Когда популизм может убить

ЛОНДОН – Необоснованный скептицизм в отношении вакцин в некоторых сообществах, как в развивающихся, так и в развитых странах, стал в последние годы одним из самых серьезных препятствий для глобального прогресса в области общественного здравоохранения. Фактически это одна из основных причин того, что инфекционные заболевания, которые можно было бы искоренить, существуют и поныне.

Например, попытка искоренить полиомиелит во всем мире была сорвана в Афганистане, Пакистане и Нигерии, где правление исламистских боевиков привело к усилению сопротивления кампаниям по вакцинации. А многие страны с высоким уровнем дохода пережили в последние годы вспышки кори из-за опасений по поводу вакцинации, которая началась с публикации мошеннической статьи в британском медицинском журнале The Lancet в 1998 году.

А с недавних пор скептицизм в отношении безопасности и эффективности вакцин усилился в Южной Европе. Согласно исследованию 2016 года, Греция в настоящее время входит в первую десятку стран мира, где меньше всего уверены в безопасности вакцин. И, как отметил министр здравоохранения Греции Андреас Ксантос, медицинские работники все чаще сталкиваются с родителями, которые опасаются вакцинации своих детей.

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