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Když populismus může zabíjet

LONDÝN – Nepodložený skepticismus vůči vakcínám v některých komunitách rozvojového i rozvinutého světa v posledních letech zesílil a stal se jednou z nejzávažnějších překážek globálního pokroku v oblasti veřejného zdraví. Dokonce je to jeden z hlavních důvodů, proč dodnes přežívají některá infekční onemocnění, která by se dala vymýtit.

Například úsilí o celosvětové vykořenění obrny bylo přerušeno v Afghánistánu, Pákistánu a Nigérii, kde vláda islamistických radikálů vedla ke zvýšenému odporu vůči vakcinačním kampaním. A mnoho vysokopříjmových zemí zažilo v posledních letech výskyt spalniček kvůli obavám z vakcinace, které započaly zveřejněním podvodné studie v britském lékařském časopise Lancet v roce 1998.

V poslední době je skepse vůči bezpečnosti a účinnosti vakcín na vzestupu v jižní Evropě. Podle studie z roku 2016 se dnes mezi deset zemí s nejnižší důvěrou v bezpečnost vakcín řadí Řecko. A jak uvedl řecký ministr zdravotnictví Andreas Xanthos, zdravotníci se stále častěji setkávají s rodiči, kteří mají obavy z vakcinace svých dětí.

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