pope francis Evandro Inetti/ZumaPress

El Papa climático

ESTOCOLMO – La encíclica del Papa Francisco sobre el medio ambiente que se dio a conocer recientemente es un mensaje poderoso no sólo para los 1.200 millones de católicos del mundo, sino también para el resto de la población global. Firmemente arraigado en la ciencia, el documento instructivo –el más importante del Vaticano en más de diez años- reconoce la necesidad de medidas urgentes, en tanto el mundo enfrenta un cambio climático potencialmente catastrófico.

En 2000, los científicos Paul Crutzen y Eugene Stoermer propusieron que la actividad humana, particularmente en el mundo desarrollado, estaba interfiriendo en la escala planetaria con las fuerzas fundamentales de la naturaleza –el agua, los ciclos de carbono y nitrógeno, las capas de hielo, la biodiversidad, los océanos y los bosques-. Los cambios eran tan profundos, sugirieron, que los geólogos en el futuro verían un claro quiebre entre la era geológica previa, el Holoceno, y una nueva a la que llamaron el Antropoceno.

En los últimos 15 años, la evidencia científica reforzó la conclusión de que la actividad humana está transformando el planeta de manera fundamental. El Vaticano ya ha reconocido esta visión de modo explícito: la Pontificia Academia de las Ciencias se refirió al Antropoceno en las actas de una reunión llevada a cabo en mayo de 2014.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.


Log in

  1. An employee works at a chemical fiber weaving company VCG/Getty Images

    China in the Lead?

    For four decades, China has achieved unprecedented economic growth under a centralized, authoritarian political system, far outpacing growth in the Western liberal democracies. So, is Chinese President Xi Jinping right to double down on authoritarianism, and is the “China model” truly a viable rival to Western-style democratic capitalism?

  2. The assembly line at Ford Bill Pugliano/Getty Images

    Whither the Multilateral Trading System?

    The global economy today is dominated by three major players – China, the EU, and the US – with roughly equal trading volumes and limited incentive to fight for the rules-based global trading system. With cooperation unlikely, the world should prepare itself for the erosion of the World Trade Organization.

  3. Donald Trump Saul Loeb/Getty Images

    The Globalization of Our Discontent

    Globalization, which was supposed to benefit developed and developing countries alike, is now reviled almost everywhere, as the political backlash in Europe and the US has shown. The challenge is to minimize the risk that the backlash will intensify, and that starts by understanding – and avoiding – past mistakes.

  4. A general view of the Corn Market in the City of Manchester Christopher Furlong/Getty Images

    A Better British Story

    Despite all of the doom and gloom over the United Kingdom's impending withdrawal from the European Union, key manufacturing indicators are at their highest levels in four years, and the mood for investment may be improving. While parts of the UK are certainly weakening economically, others may finally be overcoming longstanding challenges.

  5. UK supermarket Waring Abbott/Getty Images

    The UK’s Multilateral Trade Future

    With Brexit looming, the UK has no choice but to redesign its future trading relationships. As a major producer of sophisticated components, its long-term trade strategy should focus on gaining deep and unfettered access to integrated cross-border supply chains – and that means adopting a multilateral approach.

  6. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now