Papežové, světci a náboženská konkurence

CAMBRIDGE – Zvolit prvního neevropského papeže už bylo dávno načase. V domovském regionu papeže Františka, Latinské Americe, koneckonců žije téměř polovina (44%) světových katolíků. Katolická církev však tam i jinde stále více vyklízí pozice protestantské konkurenci.

Stačí se podívat na statistiku. Nejrychleji rostoucím světovým náboženstvím podle počtu konverzí je evangelikalismus – a tento trend jen potrhuje silnou expanzi protestantství v tradičně římskokatolické Latinské Americe. V roce 1900 představovali protestanti pouhá 2,2% latinskoamerické populace, zatímco v roce 2010 jich bylo 16,4%, přičemž růst probíhal převážně na úkor katolíků, jejichž podíl na celkovém počtu obyvatel klesl z 90,4% na 82,3%.

Katolická církev tuto konkurenci chápe, ale čelí chronickému nedostatku kněží. V důsledku toho se důležitým prostředkem k udržení věrných stává tvorba světců.

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