La derrota de la polio y su significado a nivel global

Una ceremonia que se llevó a cabo recientemente en Copenhague celebró un logro singular en la salud pública global, un logro que confirma que la asistencia para el desarrollo funciona y que funciona mejor a través de la cooperación. Una comisión independiente certificó que los 51 países de la región europea de la Organización Mundial de la Salud están libres de la polio.

Sumar la región europea al continente americano, China y la cuenca del Pacífico significa que más de la mitad de los países del mundo (con más de tres mil millones de habitantes) se han deshecho oficialmente de esta enfermedad. Durante la cumbre del G8 en Canadá, en la que los líderes del grupo se comprometieron a terminar la labor y eliminarla de Africa, se subrayó la voluntad de librar al mundo de la polio.

El éxito obtenido hasta la fecha por el programa de erradicación de la polio (que ha logrado eliminar un antiguo flagelo de una gran parte del mundo) demuestra lo que se puede lograr cuando una tecnología sencilla se aplica de manera eficaz. La estrecha coordinación entre los sectores público y privado para llevar la vacuna oral contra la polio a todos los niños menores de cinco años fue la clave para el éxito.

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