Prisoners in their shack in the Vorkuta Gulag Laski Diffusion/Getty Images

记忆法和民族主义谎言

亚特兰大——波兰执政的法律与正义党(PiS)最近颁布的一部引起争议的法律因为将“波兰死亡集中营”这样的表述定义为刑事犯罪而引发了世界各国的广泛关注。但这项法律的目的却远远不止于让人们注意言辞。

上述法律规定,“公开并违背事实地”指责波兰民众或政府“应对纳粹罪或威胁和平、人道主义及战争罪等其他罪行负有或分担责任”可能将面临罚款或长达三年监禁的惩罚。

诚然,纳粹罪行是由纳粹犯下的,而波兰人不应为此受到指责。,同样,虽然纳粹灭绝营设在波兰,但绝不意味着波兰人应对此负责。但“其他罪行”的提法应当引起我们的关注。

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