Jarosław Kaczyński Krystian Dobuszynski/NurPhoto via ZUMA Press

Los triunfales perdedores de Polonia

VARSOVIA – ¿Cómo puede un gobierno con la mejor ejecutoria económica de Europa (y, de hecho, de toda la OCDE) ser humillado en las urnas por una oposición euroescéptica, nacionalista y económicamente iletrada... y considerada inelegible tan sólo hace un año? Ésa es la pregunta que muchos polacos y amigos de Polonia están haciéndose ahora, tras la derrota del 25 de octubre del gobierno de la Plataforma Cívica. Si crear puestos de trabajo y aumentar en gran medida los ingresos no permite que te reelijan, ¿qué podría hacerlo?

Una razón para la victoria de la oposición es, naturalmente, universal: al cabo de un tiempo, las personas de todas partes quieren cambios y la Plataforma Cívica estaba en el poder desde 2007 y probablemente la impaciencia con el status quo sea mayor en los países poscomunistas de la Europa central y oriental, donde gran parte del orden social, político y económico aún no está aceptado de forma general. De hecho Donald Tusk, de la Plataforma Cívica, fue el Primer Ministro que consiguió dos mandatos sucesivos.

Además, a medida que los partidos gobiernan más tiempo, sus personalidades más fuertes suelen ser substituidas por otras más débiles. La Plataforma Cívica impugnó esas elecciones después de substituir a Tusk por Ewa Kopacz y ha tenido el mismo problema con varias otras “substituciones”.

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