Chinese sort waste plastic bottles for recycling Hong Wu/Getty Images

改良的塑料让海洋更健康

伦敦—塑料是当今最常用的材料。塑料用途广泛,因此,毫不奇怪每年全世界都会用掉3.2亿吨塑料。事实上,最几年,假期过后无不留下如山积的塑料制品和包装。但塑料也给环境带来了严重威胁。

如果不进行适当的处理,塑料能够存在几十年之久。除了给陆生和水生生命造成伤害,在海洋里自由漂流的塑料还会积聚毒物,分解为塑料微粒,然后进入食物链。

这种近乎不朽的性质让各国政府对有害塑料制品课以一定的税收,甚至一禁了之。许多政府也鼓励改善废物管理,重新使用、设计和回收塑料制品。

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