pollution plastic ocean Rosemary Calvert/Getty Images

На пути к глобальному соглашению о пластиковых отходах

БЕРЛИН – Если через миллионы лет ещё будут существовать геологи, им будет легко определить точку отсчёта так называемого антропоцена – геологической эпохи, во время которой доминирующее влияние на природу нашей планеты стали оказывать люди. В любой точке планеты они смогут найти точное указание на начало этой эпохи – в виде пластикового мусора.

Пластик является ключевым материалом в мировой экономике. Он встречается в автомобилях, мобильных телефонах, игрушках, одежде, упаковке, медицинском оборудовании и так далее. В 2015 году во всём мире было произведено 322 миллиона метрических тонн пластика. И эта цифра продолжает расти; к 2050 году она может вырасти в четыре раза.

Однако уже сейчас пластик создаёт огромные и глобальные проблемы – экологические, экономические и социальные. Хотя для его производства необходимы ресурсы, пластик настолько дёшев, что он часто используется для выпуска одноразовой продукции. В результате, колоссальные объёмы пластикового мусора стали просто загрязнять Землю.

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