Wird es dieses Mal Frieden geben?

JERUSALEM – Die bevorstehende Wiederaufnahme direkter Friedensverhandlungen zwischen Israelis und Palästinensern in Washington ist eine gute Nachricht. Ob diese Gespräche allerdings zu einer Einigung führen werden, geschweige denn innerhalb eines Jahres wie es US-Präsident Barack Obama hofft, steht auf einem anderen Blatt. 

Als Obama zwei Tage nach Beginn seiner Präsidentschaft den früheren Senator George Mitchell zum Sonderbeauftragten für den Nahen Osten ernannte, hatten viele die Hoffnung, dass seine Bemühungen innerhalb von zwei Jahren eine Einigung zwischen Israel und den Palästinensern herbeiführen würden – und einen umfassenden Frieden zwischen Israel und allen seinen arabischen Nachbarn.

Die Frage, ob man diese übertriebenen Hoffnungen auf Obamas Unerfahrenheit oder auf Hybris zurückzuführen sollte – oder beides – ist umstritten: Klar ist, dass es Mitchell nach 18 Monaten und zahlreichen Besuchen in der Region lediglich gelungen ist, die grundsätzliche Einigung  zwischen Israel und den Palästinensern zu erzielen Gespräche miteinander aufzunehmen.

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