Paver la voie vers la croissance

Dans les communautés rurales d’Amérique latine, les plus pauvres vivent en moyenne à cinq kilomètres ou plus de la route pavée la plus proche – presque deux fois plus loin que les foyers ruraux non pauvres. L’accès aux marchés et aux services dont ils ont besoin est donc fort difficile et coûteux. En outre, l’insuffisance de transport nuit à la compétitivité internationale de l’Amérique latine. Plus de la moitié des compagnies américaines considèrent cette faiblesse comme un obstacle majeur au bon fonctionnement et à la croissance de leurs affaires.

L’une des options pour remédier à cette situation est évidente : dépenser plus (et plus sagement) pour les infrastructures. En moyenne, les pays d’Amérique latine et des Caraïbes dépensent moins de 2 % de leur PIB dans les infrastructures, alors que 3 à 6 % sont nécessaires pour maintenir une croissance rapide et tenir le rythme face à des pays comme la Chine et la Corée.

Compte tenu du manque de fonds publics et des contraintes budgétaires, pour augmenter les dépenses, les usagers doivent couvrir une plus grande partie des coûts. Par conséquent, il leur faut développer une culture du paiement et proposer un filet de sécurité aux citoyens qui n’ont pas les moyens de payer.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/OQtYwqJ/fr;
  1. An employee works at a chemical fiber weaving company VCG/Getty Images

    China in the Lead?

    For four decades, China has achieved unprecedented economic growth under a centralized, authoritarian political system, far outpacing growth in the Western liberal democracies. So, is Chinese President Xi Jinping right to double down on authoritarianism, and is the “China model” truly a viable rival to Western-style democratic capitalism?

  2. The assembly line at Ford Bill Pugliano/Getty Images

    Whither the Multilateral Trading System?

    The global economy today is dominated by three major players – China, the EU, and the US – with roughly equal trading volumes and limited incentive to fight for the rules-based global trading system. With cooperation unlikely, the world should prepare itself for the erosion of the World Trade Organization.

  3. Donald Trump Saul Loeb/Getty Images

    The Globalization of Our Discontent

    Globalization, which was supposed to benefit developed and developing countries alike, is now reviled almost everywhere, as the political backlash in Europe and the US has shown. The challenge is to minimize the risk that the backlash will intensify, and that starts by understanding – and avoiding – past mistakes.

  4. A general view of the Corn Market in the City of Manchester Christopher Furlong/Getty Images

    A Better British Story

    Despite all of the doom and gloom over the United Kingdom's impending withdrawal from the European Union, key manufacturing indicators are at their highest levels in four years, and the mood for investment may be improving. While parts of the UK are certainly weakening economically, others may finally be overcoming longstanding challenges.

  5. UK supermarket Waring Abbott/Getty Images

    The UK’s Multilateral Trade Future

    With Brexit looming, the UK has no choice but to redesign its future trading relationships. As a major producer of sophisticated components, its long-term trade strategy should focus on gaining deep and unfettered access to integrated cross-border supply chains – and that means adopting a multilateral approach.

  6. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now