التهديد الرأسمالي للرأسمالية

لندن ــ ذات يوم، قال ونستون تشرشل إن الديمقراطية هي أسوأ أشكال الحكم ــ باستثناء كل الأشكال الأخرى التي تم تجريبها. ولو كان على قيد الحياة اليوم فلعله كان ليرى نفس الرأي في الرأسمالية بوصفها وسيلة لتحقيق التقدم الاقتصادي والاجتماعي.

الواقع أن الرأسمالية قادت الاقتصاد العالمي إلى ازدهار لم يسبق له مثيل. بيد أنها أثبتت أيضاً أنها تعاني من اختلال وظيفي على أكثر من نحو بارز. فهي تشجع قِصَر النظر غالبا، وتساهم في اتساع فجوة التفاوت بين الأغنياء والفقراء، وتتسامح مع التعامل الطائش المتهور مع رأس المال البيئي.

وإذا لم نتمكن من السيطرة على هذه التكاليف فقد يختفي أي دعم للرأسمالية ــ ومعه أفضل أمل للبشرية في النمو الاقتصادي والرخاء. ومن هنا فقد حان الوقت للنظر في نماذج جديدة للرأسمالية تنشأ الآن في مختلف أنحاء العالم ــ أو على وجه التحديد الرأسمالية الواعية، والرأسمالية الأخلاقية، والرأسمالية الشاملة.

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