El regreso de Bachelet

SANTIAGO – La arrolladora victoria de Michelle Bachelet en las recientes elecciones presidenciales de Chile representa un mandato que muchos dirigentes políticos habrían de envidiar por fuerza, pero su regreso a la presidencia se produce con una salvedad decisiva: una abstención sin precedentes pone en tela de juicio la afirmación hecha por algunos miembros de su coalición de que los votantes quieren un profundo cambio y el abandono de las políticas pro mercado que han hecho de Chile la democracia más estable y lograda de Latinoamérica.

En 2010, Bachelet concluyó su primer mandado como presidenta con una aprobación del 80 por ciento. Sus políticas económicas fiscalmente responsables, combinadas con una atención centrada en gran medida en programas sociales de mitigación de la pobreza, permitió a su gobierno capear la crisis financiera mundial de 2008. Aun así, después de veinte años en el poder, su coalición izquierdista de la Concertación fue derrotada en las elecciones presidenciales de aquel año por el candidato de centro derecha, Sebastián Piñera.

Ahora, después un solo mandato de un gobierno de Piñera, económicamente logrado, pero impopular, los chilenos han devuelto a Bachelet al poder. Además de ser la primera Presidenta de Chile, Bachelet es el primer Presidente desde 1938 que ha sido reelegido para un segundo mandato y su margen de victoria –62 por ciento frente a 38 por ciento– sobre la candidata de centro derecha, Evelyn Matthei, carece también de precedentes, pero la elevada tasa de abstención en estas elecciones, las primeras con registro automático de los votantes y sin votación obligatoria, significa también que Bachelet pasará a ser Presidenta con menos votos que cualquier otro de sus predecesores desde el restablecimiento de la democracia en 1990.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/TNLVGxd/es;
  1. Sean Gallup/Getty Images

    Angela Merkel’s Endgame?

    The collapse of coalition negotiations has left German Chancellor Angela Merkel facing a stark choice between forming a minority government or calling for a new election. But would a minority government necessarily be as bad as Germans have traditionally thought?

  2. Trump Trade speech Bill Pugliano/Getty Images .

    Preparing for the Trump Trade Wars

    In the first 11 months of his presidency, Donald Trump has failed to back up his words – or tweets – with action on a variety of fronts. But the rest of the world's governments, and particularly those in Asia and Europe, would be mistaken to assume that he won't follow through on his promised "America First" trade agenda.

  3. A GrabBike rider uses his mobile phone Bay Ismoyo/Getty Images

    The Platform Economy

    While developed countries in Europe, North America, and Asia are rapidly aging, emerging economies are predominantly youthful. Nigerian, Indonesian, and Vietnamese young people will shape global work trends at an increasingly rapid pace, bringing to bear their experience in dynamic informal markets on a tech-enabled gig economy.

  4. Trump Mario Tama/Getty Images

    Profiles in Discouragement

    One day, the United States will turn the page on Donald Trump. But, as Americans prepare to observe their Thanksgiving holiday, they should reflect that their country's culture and global standing will never recover fully from the wounds that his presidency is inflicting on them.

  5. Mugabe kisses Grace JEKESAI NJIKIZANA/AFP/Getty Images

    How Women Shape Coups

    In Zimbabwe, as in all coups, much behind-the-scenes plotting continues to take place in the aftermath of the military's overthrow of President Robert Mugabe. But who the eventual winners and losers are may depend, among other things, on the gender of the plotters.

  6. Oil barrels Ahmad Al-Rubaye/Getty Images

    The Abnormality of Oil

    At the 2017 Abu Dhabi Petroleum Exhibition and Conference, the consensus among industry executives was that oil prices will still be around $60 per barrel in November 2018. But there is evidence to suggest that the uptick in global growth and developments in Saudi Arabia will push the price as high as $80 in the meantime.

  7. Israeli soldier Menahem Kahana/Getty Images

    The Saudi Prince’s Dangerous War Games

    Saudi Arabia’s Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman is working hard to consolidate power and establish his country as the Middle East’s only hegemon. But his efforts – which include an attempt to trigger a war between Israel and Hezbollah in Lebanon – increasingly look like the work of an immature gambler.