Man standing at lake in mountains.

El pragmatismo en la política climática

BERLÍN – El empeño diplomático para forjar un acuerdo internacional a fin de mitigar el cambio climático está experimentando un cambio fundamental. Se está substituyendo poco a poco el planteamiento descendente que ha guiado dicho empeño desde 1992 por un modelo ascendente. En lugar de intentar preparar un acuerdo basado en restricciones legalmente vinculantes de las emisiones de gases que provocan el efecto de invernadero, el nuevo planteamiento se basa en compromisos voluntarios por los países particulares de controlar sus contribuciones al cambio climático.

En cierto sentido, se trata del reconocimiento de un fracaso; no es probable que semejante planteamiento limite el aumento de las temperaturas mundiales a menos de dos grados centígrados, el objetivo fijado por las Naciones Unidas en 2010, pero, en vista del lento ritmo de avances logrado hasta ahora, unos pequeños pasos pragmáticos por determinados países pueden ser más productivos que los intentos de lograr un gran pacto que sigue siendo imposible de conseguir.

Los negociadores internacionales han logrado avances importantes en los cinco últimos años, pero siguen aún muy alejados de un acuerdo con el que se pudiera cumplir el objetivo de dos grados centígrados. A consecuencia de ello, los diplomáticos, temiendo que otro intento fracasado de lograr un acuerdo mundial podría desacreditar todo el proceso negociador, han reajustado sus ambiciones.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.


Log in;
  1. China corruption Isaac Lawrence/Getty Images

    The Next Battle in China’s War on Corruption

    • Chinese President Xi Jinping knows well the threat that corruption poses to the authority of the Communist Party of China and the state it controls. 
    • But moving beyond Xi's anti-corruption purge to build robust and lasting anti-graft institutions will not be easy, owing to enduring opportunities for bureaucratic capture.
  2. Italy unemployed demonstration SalvatoreEsposito/Barcroftimages / Barcroft Media via Getty Images

    Putting Europe’s Long-Term Unemployed Back to Work

    Across the European Union, millions of people who are willing and able to work have been unemployed for a year or longer, at great cost to social cohesion and political stability. If the EU is serious about stopping the rise of populism, it will need to do more to ensure that labor markets are working for everyone.

  3. Latin America market Federico Parra/Getty Images

    A Belt and Road for the Americas?

    In a time of global uncertainty, a vision of “made in the Americas” prosperity provides a unifying agenda for the continent. If implemented, the US could reassert its historical leadership among a group of countries that share its fundamental values, as well as an interest in inclusive economic growth and rising living standards.

  4. Startup office Mladlen Antonov/Getty Images

    How Best to Promote Research and Development

    Clearly, there is something appealing about a start-up-based innovation strategy: it feels democratic, accessible, and so California. But it is definitely not the only way to boost research and development, or even the main way, and it is certainly not the way most major innovations in the US came about during the twentieth century.

  5. Trump Trade speech Bill Pugliano/Getty Images .

    Preparing for the Trump Trade Wars

    In the first 11 months of his presidency, Donald Trump has failed to back up his words – or tweets – with action on a variety of fronts. But the rest of the world's governments, and particularly those in Asia and Europe, would be mistaken to assume that he won't follow through on his promised "America First" trade agenda.