Smoke rising from towers Oliver Berg/Getty Images

气候治疗方案比疾病本身更糟

斋普尔——在巴黎气候协定签署两年后,法国首都本月再度吸引了世界各国的良善人士,这些人济济一堂参与伊曼纽尔·马克龙总统的同一个星球峰会。各路政客轮流谴责美国总统唐纳德·特朗普退出巴黎协定并相互安慰气候协定仍未脱离正轨,从而与名流活动家和商界领袖一道组成了一个自我庆幸的小圈子。

我们应当以谨慎的心态去看待这些沾沾自喜的善良人。好心并不能阻止气候变化,而且历史上原本善意的政策没有带来好效果的例子比比皆是,有些政策所产生的效果甚至还比不上它们本来想要解决的问题。

一个特别令人痛心的例子是毛泽东通过消灭麻雀来提高作物健康和粮食产量的尝试。结果导致蝗虫数量激增,造成约3,000万人死亡的饥荒惨剧。

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