Палестина: война поколений

Ясир Арафат, может, и умер, но его макиавеллистические стратегии живы. Всегда защищавший свое положение единственного лидера палестинского народа, Арафат стремился заблокировать любую возможность потенциального конкурента бросить ему вызов. Но, защищая свое положение, Арафат тем самым воспрепятствовал назначению преемника при своей жизни.

В первые недели после смерти Арафата это не казалось важным. Махмуд Аббас, который долгое время был заместителем Арафата и стоял у колыбели подписанных в Осло соглашений, быстро заручился поддержкой движения Фатх, составляющего ядро ООП. Казалось, безболезненная смена власти возможна. Но теперь Марван Баргхути, лидер Фатх на Западном берегу во время нынешней интифады, решил поспорить с Аббасом за место президента Палестинской администрации (ПА) из своей камеры в израильской тюрьме.

Перед лицом экономического застоя и того, что премьер-министр Палестинской администрации Ахмед Кури называет "анархией оружия", палестинцам не хватало только еще борьбы за место преемника. Любой новый лидер должен будет подстегнуть экономику, обеспечить соблюдение законов, начать борьбу с коррупцией, объединить органы безопасности ПА и обеспечить безопасность населения - и он должен будет сделать это быстро, иначе утратит авторитет.

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