Paul Lachine

Palestinské „jak se stát státem“

RAMALLÁH – Myšlenka, že se Palestina stane stálým členem Organizace spojených národů, nevzešla podle Palestinců od nikoho jiného než od amerického prezidenta Baracka Obamy. V projevu před Valným shromážděním OSN vyjádřil Obama 23. září 2010 naději, že „až se tu sejdeme příští rok, budeme mít dohodu, která povede ke zrodu nového člena Organizace spojených národů – nezávislého, suverénního palestinského státu, jenž bude žít v míru s Izraelem“. Palestinci se rozhodli vzít Obamu za slovo.

Obamova snaha znovu rozdmýchat blízkovýchodní mírový proces začala izraelským odmítnutím dočasného zmrazení výstavby osad. Spojené státy byly dokonce ochotné nabídnout Izraeli zbrojní zakázku v objemu tří miliard dolarů výměnou za pozastavení výstavby výlučně židovských osad v oblastech vyčleněných pro budoucí palestinský stát. Izraelský premiér Benjamin Netanjahu však americkou nabídku odmítl.

O devět měsíců později učinil Obama další pokus o nastartování rozhovorů. „Hranice mezi Izraelem a Palestinou by měl být založeny na liniích z roku 1967, upravených o vzájemně dohodnuté výměny, aby oba státy získaly bezpečné a uznávané hranice,“ prohlásil v květnu.

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