Un choix décisif pour la Palestine


La victoire de Mahmoud Abbas aux élections présidentielles palestiniennes présente un défi considérable. Elu à la tête du Comité exécutif de l’OLP quelques heures après le décès de Yasser Arafat, Abbas s’était assuré le soutien de l’organisation qui représente tous les Palestiniens, y compris ceux de la diaspora. Son élection comme président de l’Autorité nationale palestinienne lui confère désormais une légitimité populaire pour mener à bien son programme politique.

Ce programme, bien que proche de celui d’Arafat, s’en écarte sur plusieurs points essentiels. Abbas (appelé également Abou Mazen) a critiqué publiquement et invariablement ce qu’il qualifie de “ militarisation de l’Intifada ”. Même avant la mort d’Arafat, il soutenait que le recours à la force par les militants nuit aux possibilités de négociation des Palestiniens. Il s’est tenu à cette position tout au long de la campagne électorale, rejetant les exigences des factions palestiniennes extrémistes, qui souhaitaient qu’il s’excuse pour ses déclarations antérieures.

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