Farage Niklas Halle'n/Stringer

Искусство европейской интеграции

ЛОНДОН – Минувший год оказался полон событиями переломного значения. Помимо победы Дональда Трампа на президентских выборах в США, стали полностью очевидны определённые слабости Евросоюза, ярко проявившиеся в голосовании Великобритании за выход из ЕС. Но Брексит не должен привести к гибели ЕС. Наоборот, он может стать звонком, который побудит к конкретным действиям с целью решить проблемы Евросоюза.

Некоторые европейские лидеры пытаются воспользоваться этим сигналом и призывают страны ЕС «завершить формирование союза». По их мнению, без Великобритании интеграция будет идти легче, потому что оставшиеся страны несколько менее разнородны, а значит, они с большей вероятностью способны договориться о шагах, противником которых могла бы стать Британия.

Одним из таких шагов является создание банковского союза. После начала кризиса в еврозоне этот вопрос постоянно находится в центре внимания. Но хотя на этом фронте уже достигнут значительный прогресс, процесс европейской банковской интеграции далёк от завершения. Среди незаконченных дел – система страхования банковских вкладов, а также создание старшего транша безопасных суверенных активов, то есть общих для еврозоны, безрисковых ценных бумаг

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