Jim Meehan

Откровения про бомбу Израиля

ТЕЛЬ-АВИВ. Видение мира президентом Бараком Обамой без ядерного оружия, а также его недавние соглашения, которые он подписал с Россией, направленные на сокращение ядерных арсеналов двух стран, укрепляет его моральное и политическое лидерство. Однако как его кампания против распространения ядерного оружия повлияет на Израиль, который многие видят как шестое ядерное государство мира, и до сих пор единственное на Ближнем Востоке?

Недавний призыв помощника государственного секретаря США Роуз Геттемюллер к Израилю присоединиться к Договору о нераспространении ядерного оружия (ДНЯО), которое потребует от Израиля задекларировать, а также отказаться от своего ядерного арсенала, вызвал опасения того, что существование дипломатического зонтика Америки для ядерного статуса Израиля подходит к концу. В дальнейшем для израильтян должно быть ясно, что США будет одинаково подходить ко всем государствам, когда речь заходит о ядерном оружии. Израиль особенно обеспокоен тем, что Обама может захотеть решить ядерные амбиции Ирана, уравнивая его и Израиля ядерный статус.

Интеллектуальная основа нового отношения Америки была изложена в знаменитой статье Генри Киссинджера, Сэма Нанна, Джорджа Шульца и Уильяма Пери под названием «На пути к миру, свободного от ядерного оружия». Призывая ядерные державы мира показать личный пример и значительно уменьшить свои ядерные арсеналы, статья стала также призывом к равноправию государств в ядерном вопросе.

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