Superar el fracaso de Copenhague

NUEVA YORK – Los discursos bonitos no llegan muy lejos. Un mes después de la conferencia de Copenhague sobre el clima, ha quedado claro que los líderes del mundo no pudieron traducir a acciones la retórica sobre el calentamiento global.

Por supuesto, estuvo bien el que pudieran ponerse de acuerdo en que sería terrible arriesgarnos a la devastación que podría ocasionar el aumento de las temperaturas globales de más de dos grados Celsius. Al menos, prestaron algo de atención a las crecientes evidencias científicas. Y se reafirmaron ciertos principios establecidos en la Convención Marco de Rio de Janeiro de 1992, incluidas "las responsabilidades comunes pero diferenciadas, y las capacidades respectivas”. También lo fue el acuerdo de los países desarrollados de “proporcionar recursos financieros, tecnología y desarrollo de capacidades adecuados, predecibles y sostenibles...” a los países en desarrollo.

El fracaso de Copenhague no fue la falta de un acuerdo legalmente vinculante: el verdadero fracaso fue que no hubo acuerdo sobre cómo lograr la enorme tarea de salvar el planeta, ni acerca de las reducciones de emisiones de carbono, ni sobre cómo compartir la carga o ayudar a los países en desarrollo. Incluso el compromiso de destinar 30 mil millones de dólares para el periodo 2010-2012 para la adaptación y la mitigación empalidece ante los cientos de miles de millones facilitados a los bancos en los rescates financieros de 2008-2009. Si podemos permitirnos esas sumas para salvar los bancos, bien podemos permitirnos algo más para salvar el planeta.

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