我们的另一个药物问题

米兰—尽管官方和媒体都对世界范围内的非法药物贸易给予关注,但公众对于影响到合法药物生产、试验和销售的各种严重问题却至多只有些许认识。而这些药物为我们治疗从爱滋病到黄热病等各种疾病。

新药的研制是一个复杂而漫长的过程。它发端于一个理念,并需要广泛的技能才得以实现:更为复杂或更加简单的分子的合成或提取,它们在细胞组织和动物身上的治疗作用验证,毒性试验和临床研究。

在这一过程中,许多潜在的药物被放弃,即便是成功通过试验的药物也面临着额外的监管审批障碍。最后,药物进入市场,也必须对其进行严格跟踪,因为许多不良反应要经过众多病人多年的使用之后才能被发现。

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