Surfing the web in china Zhengyi Xie/ZumaPress

حماية انفتاح الإنترنت

لاهاي ــ إن المقترحات المتعلقة بإدارة الإنترنت من المحتم أن تعمل على توليد خلافات خطيرة. لقد وفر العالم المتصل بشبكة الإنترنت فرصاً هائلة لمليارات من المستخدمين، وكان ذلك راجعاً بشكل كبير إلى الإنترنت لم تكن محكومة من قبل قَط.

ولكن مع نمو أهمية الإنترنت تتعاظم أيضاً المخاطر المرتبطة بالافتقار إلى التنظيم. فهناك خطر متزايد يتمثل في استعمار جشع الشركات، والنشاط الإجرامي، والصراعات بين الدول لهذه المنصة المفتوحة التي نعتز بها جميعا ــ والضحايا هم المواطنون العاديون. ومن الأهمية بمكان أن توضع الضمانات الضرورية وأن تلتزم الدول والشركات على حد سواء بالمبادئ التي تشجع على العمل من أجل المصلحة المشتركة.

إن وجهة النظر المثالية التي تزعم أن الحكومات وغيرها من المؤسسات لابد أن تظل بعيدة عن الطريق تتجاهل الدور الذي تلعبه الدول بالفعل على شبكة الإنترنت، وبشكل مستتر غالبا. كما أنها لا تضع في الحسبان حقيقة مفادها أن الشركات العملاقة تستكشف هذه البيئة غير الخاضعة للتنظيم إلى حد كبير لكي تنصب نفسها كجهات سيادية جديدة.

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    The Brexit Surrender

    European Union leaders meeting in Brussels have given the go-ahead to talks with Britain on post-Brexit trade relations. But, as European Council President Donald Tusk has said, the most difficult challenge – forging a workable deal that secures broad political support on both sides – still lies ahead.

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    From enabling the rise of Donald Trump to hacking the telephone of a murdered British schoolgirl, Murdoch’s media empire has staked its success on stoking populist rage.

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    The Holy Grail of Genetic Engineering

    CRISPR-Cas – a gene-editing technique that is far more precise and efficient than any that has come before it – is poised to change the world. But ensuring that those changes are positive – helping to fight tumors and mosquito-borne illnesses, for example – will require scientists to apply the utmost caution.

  7. The Year Ahead 2018

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