Google Android robot.

Technologien und die Angst um den Arbeitsplatz

SAN FRANCISCO – In der heutigen Zeit geht die Angst um, dass Arbeitsplätze der Automatisierung zum Opfer fallen und düstere Schlagzeilen warnen, dass der zunehmende Einsatz von Robotern ganze Berufsgruppen überflüssig machen wird. Doch dieser Fatalismus geht davon aus, dass es nicht in unserer Macht liegt, das, was wir erschaffen, zu nutzen, um unser Leben – und sogar unsere Arbeitsplätze – zu verbessern.

In internetbasierten Jobbörsen finden sich Beweise, dass Technologien über das Potenzial verfügen, Bedenken im Hinblick auf unsere Arbeitsplätze auszuräumen. Digitale Plattformen haben bereits viele Bereiche der Wirtschaft verändert. So haben etwa die von Amazon und Alibaba aufgebauten Online-Marktplätze die Einzelhandelslandschaft umgestaltet, teilweise indem sie den lokalen Charakter des Einzelhandels transformiert haben.

Online-Jobbörsen wenden ein ähnliches Konzept auf die Arbeitswelt an – mit ähnlichen Auswirkungen. Durch die Schaffung regionaler, nationaler und sogar globaler Arbeitsmärkte ermöglichen sie Arbeitgebern, aus einem größeren Reservoir an Arbeitskräften zu schöpfen und verbinden Arbeitsuchende mit einem umfassenderen Spektrum an Möglichkeiten. Auf diese Weise haben sie die typische Stellensuche verändert und nähern sich nunmehr der kritischen Masse, die erforderlich ist, um Bewegung in die Beschäftigungszahlen zu bringen.

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