奥林匹克政治

巴黎—经济实力和奥运会奖牌数之间有关系吗?随着政治多极化的建立,某种形式的体育多极化也会随之出现吗?

1992年,冷战刚刚结束,美国和前苏联国家组成的“独联体”在巴塞罗那奥运会上夺走了四分之一的奖牌。全球两极化还没有彻底消失。到了2008年北京奥运会,世界已经发生了重大变化,中美两极取代了苏美两极,两国相加夺走了20%的奖牌。

伦敦奥运会确认了这一趋势。中美两极在奖牌榜上的比重更大了(总数的22%),但没有显著增长。欧洲依然强势,亚洲和加勒比地区进步明显。

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