Alte Linke gegen neue Linke in Lateinamerika

Es gibt zwei mögliche Interpretationen für die jüngsten Wahlergebnisse Lateinamerikas. Die erste und offensichtlichste lautet, dass der angeblichen Linkswende die Luft ausgeht, und zwar schnell. In den vergangenen Wochen erlitt der supernationalistische Ollanta Humala, ein „Klon“ des venezolanischen Präsidenten Hugo Chávez, in Peru eine Niederlage, der konservative Alvaro Uribe erzielte in Kolumbien mit 62 % der Stimmen einen Erdrutschsieg und Andrés Manuel López Obrador fiel im Hinblick auf die Präsidentschaftswahlen in Mexiko am 2. Juli zurück. Jede dieser isolierten Entwicklungen widerspricht anscheinend dem Linkstrend in Lateinamerika.

Doch kann man diese Ereignisse auch aus einer anderen Perspektive betrachten. Präsident Uribe hat zwar seine Wiederwahl gewonnen, aber die große Überraschung in Kolumbien waren das Ende des Zweiparteiensystems, das das Land jahrzehntelang dominiert hatte, und das Hervortreten des linksgerichteten Polo Democrático als zweitgrößte politische Kraft im Land.

Ähnlich sieht es in Peru aus: Alan García hat zwar die Wahl gewonnen, er kommt jedoch nicht aus einer weit links stehenden Partei, die endlich den Durchbruch geschafft hätte (wie Lula da Silva in Brasilien, Michelle Bachelet in Chile und Tabaré Vázquez in Uruguay). Seine APRA-Partei, die in den 20er Jahren des letzten Jahrhunderts von Victor Raúl Haya de la Torre gegründet wurde, ist eine der ältesten und anachronistischsten populistischen Organisationen der Region.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.


Log in;
  1. Television sets showing a news report on Xi Jinping's speech Anthony Wallace/Getty Images

    Empowering China’s New Miracle Workers

    China’s success in the next five years will depend largely on how well the government manages the tensions underlying its complex agenda. In particular, China’s leaders will need to balance a muscular Communist Party, setting standards and protecting the public interest, with an empowered market, driving the economy into the future.

  2. United States Supreme Court Hisham Ibrahim/Getty Images

    The Sovereignty that Really Matters

    The preference of some countries to isolate themselves within their borders is anachronistic and self-defeating, but it would be a serious mistake for others, fearing contagion, to respond by imposing strict isolation. Even in states that have succumbed to reductionist discourses, much of the population has not.

  3.  The price of Euro and US dollars Daniel Leal Olivas/Getty Images

    Resurrecting Creditor Adjustment

    When the Bretton Woods Agreement was hashed out in 1944, it was agreed that countries with current-account deficits should be able to limit temporarily purchases of goods from countries running surpluses. In the ensuing 73 years, the so-called "scarce-currency clause" has been largely forgotten; but it may be time to bring it back.

  4. Leaders of the Russian Revolution in Red Square Keystone France/Getty Images

    Trump’s Republican Collaborators

    Republican leaders have a choice: they can either continue to collaborate with President Donald Trump, thereby courting disaster, or they can renounce him, finally putting their country’s democracy ahead of loyalty to their party tribe. They are hardly the first politicians to face such a decision.

  5. Angela Merkel, Theresa May and Emmanuel Macron John Thys/Getty Images

    How Money Could Unblock the Brexit Talks

    With talks on the UK's withdrawal from the EU stalled, negotiators should shift to the temporary “transition” Prime Minister Theresa May officially requested last month. Above all, the negotiators should focus immediately on the British budget contributions that will be required to make an orderly transition possible.

  6. Ksenia Sobchak Mladlen Antonov/Getty Images

    Is Vladimir Putin Losing His Grip?

    In recent decades, as President Vladimir Putin has entrenched his authority, Russia has seemed to be moving backward socially and economically. But while the Kremlin knows that it must reverse this trajectory, genuine reform would be incompatible with the kleptocratic character of Putin’s regime.

  7. Right-wing parties hold conference Thomas Lohnes/Getty Images

    Rage Against the Elites

    • With the advantage of hindsight, four recent books bring to bear diverse perspectives on the West’s current populist moment. 
    • Taken together, they help us to understand what that moment is and how it arrived, while reminding us that history is contingent, not inevitable

    Global Bookmark

    Distinguished thinkers review the world’s most important new books on politics, economics, and international affairs.

  8. Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin Bill Clark/Getty Images

    Don’t Bank on Bankruptcy for Banks

    As a part of their efforts to roll back the 2010 Dodd-Frank Act, congressional Republicans have approved a measure that would have courts, rather than regulators, oversee megabank bankruptcies. It is now up to the Trump administration to decide if it wants to set the stage for a repeat of the Lehman Brothers collapse in 2008.