Alte Linke gegen neue Linke in Lateinamerika

Es gibt zwei mögliche Interpretationen für die jüngsten Wahlergebnisse Lateinamerikas. Die erste und offensichtlichste lautet, dass der angeblichen Linkswende die Luft ausgeht, und zwar schnell. In den vergangenen Wochen erlitt der supernationalistische Ollanta Humala, ein „Klon“ des venezolanischen Präsidenten Hugo Chávez, in Peru eine Niederlage, der konservative Alvaro Uribe erzielte in Kolumbien mit 62 % der Stimmen einen Erdrutschsieg und Andrés Manuel López Obrador fiel im Hinblick auf die Präsidentschaftswahlen in Mexiko am 2. Juli zurück. Jede dieser isolierten Entwicklungen widerspricht anscheinend dem Linkstrend in Lateinamerika.

Doch kann man diese Ereignisse auch aus einer anderen Perspektive betrachten. Präsident Uribe hat zwar seine Wiederwahl gewonnen, aber die große Überraschung in Kolumbien waren das Ende des Zweiparteiensystems, das das Land jahrzehntelang dominiert hatte, und das Hervortreten des linksgerichteten Polo Democrático als zweitgrößte politische Kraft im Land.

Ähnlich sieht es in Peru aus: Alan García hat zwar die Wahl gewonnen, er kommt jedoch nicht aus einer weit links stehenden Partei, die endlich den Durchbruch geschafft hätte (wie Lula da Silva in Brasilien, Michelle Bachelet in Chile und Tabaré Vázquez in Uruguay). Seine APRA-Partei, die in den 20er Jahren des letzten Jahrhunderts von Victor Raúl Haya de la Torre gegründet wurde, ist eine der ältesten und anachronistischsten populistischen Organisationen der Region.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.


Log in;
  1. Patrick Kovarik/Getty Images

    The Summit of Climate Hopes

    Presidents, prime ministers, and policymakers gather in Paris today for the One Planet Summit. But with no senior US representative attending, is the 2015 Paris climate agreement still viable?

  2. Trump greets his supporters The Washington Post/Getty Images

    Populist Plutocracy and the Future of America

    • In the first year of his presidency, Donald Trump has consistently sold out the blue-collar, socially conservative whites who brought him to power, while pursuing policies to enrich his fellow plutocrats. 

    • Sooner or later, Trump's core supporters will wake up to this fact, so it is worth asking how far he might go to keep them on his side.
  3. Agents are bidding on at the auction of Leonardo da Vinci's 'Salvator Mundi' Eduardo Munoz Alvarez/Getty Images

    The Man Who Didn’t Save the World

    A Saudi prince has been revealed to be the buyer of Leonardo da Vinci's "Salvator Mundi," for which he spent $450.3 million. Had he given the money to the poor, as the subject of the painting instructed another rich man, he could have restored eyesight to nine million people, or enabled 13 million families to grow 50% more food.

  4.  An inside view of the 'AknRobotics' Anadolu Agency/Getty Images

    Two Myths About Automation

    While many people believe that technological progress and job destruction are accelerating dramatically, there is no evidence of either trend. In reality, total factor productivity, the best summary measure of the pace of technical change, has been stagnating since 2005 in the US and across the advanced-country world.

  5. A student shows a combo pictures of three dictators, Austrian born Hitler, Castro and Stalin with Viktor Orban Attila Kisbenedek/Getty Images

    The Hungarian Government’s Failed Campaign of Lies

    The Hungarian government has released the results of its "national consultation" on what it calls the "Soros Plan" to flood the country with Muslim migrants and refugees. But no such plan exists, only a taxpayer-funded propaganda campaign to help a corrupt administration deflect attention from its failure to fulfill Hungarians’ aspirations.

  6. Project Syndicate

    DEBATE: Should the Eurozone Impose Fiscal Union?

    French President Emmanuel Macron wants European leaders to appoint a eurozone finance minister as a way to ensure the single currency's long-term viability. But would it work, and, more fundamentally, is it necessary?

  7. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now