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化石燃料的故弄玄虚

柏林—2015年巴黎气候协定签署后,许多决策者听信了石油和天然气行业关于如何帮助降低温室气体排放的说辞。关于“清洁煤炭”、“石油管道为清洁能源融资”、“作为过桥能源的天然气”等天方夜谭式的说辞诱使各国政府纷纷上马新化石燃料项目,即便当前化石燃料产量已经难以阻止气温远超巴黎气候协定的限制,即前工业化水平以上2℃以内。

国际能源署(IEA)估算,在2016年,石油和天然气行业投资总量为6,490亿美元,G-20国家化石燃料补贴总量为720亿美元。到2030年,G-20国家新石油天然气项目投资预计将超过1.6万亿美元。

显然,在世界转向去碳化的经济之前,该行业拼命地扩大了产量和利润。而到目前为止,它取得了成功,因为它让政府相信了许多谎言。

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