La gran posibilidad de explotar el gas de Gran Bretaña

PRAGA – A finales de junio, el Servicio Geológico Británico anunció la certificación de reservas del mayor yacimiento de gas de esquisto en el mundo (announced the world’s largest shale-gas field). El yacimiento Bowland, que se encuentra ubicado al sur de Lancashire y Yorkshire, contiene un 50% más de reservas de gas que las reservas combinadas de los dos yacimientos más grandes de Estados Unidos, el yacimiento Barnett y el Marcellus (the Barnett Shale and the Marcellus Shale).

El Reino Unido se ha mostrado renuente a unirse a revolución causada por la fracturación hidráulica (también llamada “fracking”). Sin embargo, explotar el yacimiento Bowland Shale podría reavivar la economía del Reino Unido y ofrecer grandes reducciones de las emisiones de CO2.

De manera paralela, el Parlamento del Reino Unido ha aprobado nuevas y más estrictas medidas para reducir las emisiones de carbono hasta el año 2020, y de lejos, en el transcurso de los próximos siete años las mayores reducciones de CO2 van a provenir de un aumento de más del 800% en energía eólica marina (increase of more than 800% in offshore wind power) . Sin embargo, la energía eólica marina es muy cara, por lo que recibirá subsidios que equivalen a por lo menos tres veces el costo normal de electricidad (at least three times the traded cost of regular electricity in subsidies) – cuesta incluso más que la energía solar (more than even solar power), que en el Reino Unido es una energía que nunca estuvo en una posición ventajosa . El Reino Unido va a pagar muy caro para lograr una reducción mínima de CO2.

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