英国的天然气选择

布拉格—去年6月,英国地质调查局公布了世界最大的页岩气田。位于兰开夏郡和约克郡地下鲍兰德页岩(Bowland Shale),其页岩气蕴藏量比美国最大的两块气田——巴涅特页岩(Barnett Shale)和马塞勒斯页岩(Marcellus Shale)加起来还要多50%。

英国一直拒绝加入液压致裂法革命。但开采鲍兰德页岩能让英国经济再次启动,并大幅削减二氧化碳排放。

与此同时,英国国会批准了严格的新措施,以便在2020年前减少碳排放,目前,最大的二氧化碳削减项来自未来七年将离岸风能电力增加800%以上的计划。但离岸风电价格昂贵,以至于其补贴至少是常规电力交易成本的三倍,甚至比太阳能电力还高,而后者在英国从未获得优势。对于最小二氧化碳减排目标,英国将付出沉重代价。

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