Chris Van Es

La cuerda floja de Obama

CAMBRIDGE – Según un funcionario del Departamento de Estado norteamericano, el concepto de “poder inteligente” –la integración e interconexión inteligente de diplomacia, defensa, desarrollo y otras herramientas del llamado poder “duro” y “blando”- está en el corazón de la visión de política exterior de la administración Obama. Actualmente, sin embargo, la estrategia de poder inteligente de Obama enfrenta un duro desafío a partir de los acontecimientos de Oriente Medio.

Si Obama no respalda a los gobiernos de Egipto, Bahrain, Arabia Saudita o Yemen, puede poner en peligro importantes objetivos de política exterior como la paz en Oriente Medio, una base naval en el Golfo Pérsico, la estabilidad en los mercados petroleros o la cooperación contra los terroristas de Al Qaeda. Por otra parte, si le brinda apoyo a estos gobiernos, fastidiará a la sociedad civil de estos países que hoy cuenta con el poder de la información, poniendo en peligro así la estabilidad a más largo plazo.

Lograr un equilibrio entre las relaciones de poder duro con los gobiernos y el respaldo de poder blando a la democracia es como caminar sobre la cuerda floja. La administración Obama tambaleó en este acto de malabarismo, pero hasta ahora no cayó al vacío.

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