Chris Van Es

Obamovo visuté lano

CAMBRIDGE – Podle jednoho představitele amerického ministerstva zahraničí leží koncept „chytré síly“ – inteligentního začlenění a propojení diplomacie, obrany, rozvoje a dalších nástrojů takzvané „tvrdé“ a „měkké“ síly – v srdci zahraničně-politické vize Obamovy administrativy. V současné době však Obamova strategie chytré síly čelí náročné zatěžkávací zkoušce vyvolané událostmi na Blízkém východě.

Pokud Obama nepodpoří vlády v Egyptě, Bahrajnu, Saúdské Arábii nebo Jemenu, může ohrozit důležité zahraničně-politické cíle, jako jsou mír na Blízkém východě, existence námořní základny v Perském zálivu, stabilita na ropných trzích nebo spolupráce v boji proti teroristům z al-Káidy. Pokud na druhou stranu zmíněné vlády bez dalšího podpoří, znepřátelí si novou občanskou společnost posílenou informacemi, čímž ohrozí dlouhodobější stabilitu.

Hledání rovnováhy mezi podporou demokracie využívající měkkou sílu a mezivládními vztahy založenými na síle tvrdé se podobá chůzi na visutém laně. Obamova administrativa už v tomto provazochodeckém čísle zavrávorala, ale zatím nespadla.

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